As a result of conducting massive motivational activities by the DAE and other agri-related organisations, farmers are increasing cultivation of high yielding varieties of groundnut evolved by Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI). The high cost of inorganic fertilizers coupled with the environmental threat posed by their application is also a major concern. Thus there should be about 2.6 to 2.8 g of groundnut protein available per capita per day in R. W. Payne, S. A. Harding, D. A. Murray et al., D. Osei, S. Lamptey, C. L. Ayisi, and A. Apraku, “Effects of rhizobium inoculants and growth stages on shoot biomass and yield of soybean (, A. S. Abdulameer, “Impact of rhizobial strains mixture, phosphorus and zinc applications in nodulation and yield of bean (, R. Badar, Z. Nisa, and S. Ibrahim, “Supplementation of P with rhizobia inoculants to improve growth of peanut plants,”, S. Lamptey, B. D. K. Ahiabor, S. Yeboah, and D. Osei, “Effect of rhizobium inoculants and reproductive growth stages on shoot biomass and yield of soybean (, M. A. Tarekegn and K. Kibret, “Effects of rhizobium, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth, nodulation, yield and yield attributes of soybean at Pawe Northwestern Ethiopia,”, B. R. Buttery, “Analysis of the growth of soybeans as affected by plant population and fertilizer,”, M. Turuko and A. Mohammed, “Effect of different phosphorus fertilizer rates on growth, dry matter yield and yield components of common bean (, P. A. Ndakidemi, F. D. Dakora, E. M. Nkonya, D. Ringo, and H. Mansoor, “Yield and economic benefits of common bean (, J. Y. Asibuo and H. K. Adu-Dapaah, “Groundnut variety released,” in, C. C. Zoundji, P. Houngnandan, M. H. Amidou, F. A. Kouelo, and F. Toukourou, “Inoculation and phosphorus application effects on soybean [. ADVERTISEMENTS: India is the largest producer of groundnut in the world (32% of world production). groundnut production Higher mandi prices for kharif crop, likely bumper rabi harvest spell gains for farmers: Crisil Research In crop year 2018-19, farm profits jumped 26% on-year over a low base of the preceding year (2017-18), which had seen per-hectare profits decline due to low mandi prices following a bumper crop. China is the world's leading producer of peanuts, accounting for nearly 41% of the total output. There has been appreciable increase in the area (68.5%) and production (163%) of the crop between 1950-51 and 1998-99. However, the rhizobium is host-specific as certain species can only infect specific legumes. The data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using GENSTAT (12th Edition) [12] and the means were separated with the least significant difference (LSD) approach at . However, poor soil fertility and lack of improved varieties are the predominant production constraints groundnut farmers face in the region although plant breeders have contributed immensely through variety improvement to curb the situation. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. Maximum increase in the area has been noted in the decade of 1950-51 and 1960-61 (43.8 percent) while the decade 1980-81 […] Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. The subplot treatments include three levels of P fertilizers (0 kg P ha−1, 15 kg P ha−1 and 30 kg P ha−1) and sub-subplot treatments comprised two inoculant strains (BR 3267 from Embrapa Agrobiologia, Brazil and USDA 3456 from Nairobi, Kenya) and no inoculant (control). Poor soil fertility, lack of improved varieties, erratic rainfall and drought are some of the production constraints faced by farmers in northern Ghana. Grasses with scattered trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the soil in the area was a sandy-loam ferric Luvisol. The results agree with the findings of [16] who reported that inoculating soybean with rhizobium produced a higher nodule dry weight than the uninoculated soybean variety. Area Harvested (Million hectares) Yield (Metric tons per hectare) Production (Million metric tons) Change in Production From Last Year; Commodity However, there were no significant effects () with regard to P main effect, inoculant main effect and their interactions. Influence of rhizobium inoculants and phosphorus fertilizer on days to 50% flowering and nodule dry weight of three groundnut varieties. The crop is grown mainly for its seed and it comprises 40–50% oil, 20–30% protein and contains vitamin B as well. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% compared to the uninoculated treatments with Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1 when the inoculation was with BR 3267 (Figure 2). Recent World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports . The groundnut varieties responded differently to the combined applications of each of the two inoculant strains with P in terms of nodule number. Total crop forecast for the 2016/2017 season is 35 000t, but Gerhard thinks total production will not reach 18 000t. IGP: Need improved system to bring juveniles into justice, Listed cement makers are bouncing back from the pandemic hit, Jubo League leader held for sexually assaulting woman in Jessore, UNDP to address human rights issues in Covid-19, Everyone in Bangladesh now has a mobile connection, Please read our Comment Policy before posting, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute. December 18, 2020. … The application of rhizobium inoculants and P fertilizer had great influence on all the three groundnut varieties as most of the variables measured were influenced by these treatments. Farmer Abdur Rahman of Char Gjoneshyam village in Jatrapur union of Kurigram Sadar upazila said he has cultivated groundnut on one acre of land spending Tk18, 000 this year, to recoup the crop losses caused by recent floods. for over 97% of world groundnut area and 95% of total production. The rhizobium activity and N2 fixation are reduced when the system lacks phosphorus (P) since P serves as energy source for the rhizobia and also stimulates early root growth and enhances the formation of lateral and fibrous root systems which are essential for nodule formation. However, soils found in most groundnut-growing areas are inherently poor with deficiencies in most of the essential plant nutrients especially nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) [2]. Uninoculated Samnut 22 with 30 kg P ha−1 application produced statistically the same number of nodules as inoculated Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). BR 3267 was the appropriate strain that was able to enhance nodulation, growth and pod yield of groundnut. The percent moisture content of the sub-sample and the field weight of the bulk haulm were used to calculate the dry weight of the bulk haulm. Groundnuts are a popular source of food throughout the world, including South Africa. It is the number of days from planting to the time when 50% of the plants had flowered. The higher pod yield by Samnut 22 compared with Obolo and Oboshie might not be due to a bigger seed size but probably due to a higher number of seeds per pod. There was no interaction between the three factors, namely groundnut variety, phosphorus and inoculant on pod yield. Data were recorded on days to 50% flowering, nodule number, nodule dry weight, pod load, pod yield, haulm weight and seed size (as 100-seed weight). Groundnut is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria, West Africa in large quantities compared to other regions of the country. This is almost 21 per cent higher as compared to the previous year’s estimated production of 45.03 lt. The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. In China, groundnuts are mainly grown in seven regions according to the ecological zoning. BR 3267 produced the highest number of pods in all the three varieties (Table 4) and increased the pod numbers by 75%, 38% and 12% in Obolo, Samnut 22 and Oboshie, respectively over the uninoculated plants (Table 4). Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. However, China is the largest producer of groundnut and accounts for 37% of world production, followed by India with 22%. The highest consumption in five years was recorded dur… “More than 15,000 farmers have achieved self-reliance by cultivating groundnut during the Rabi and Kharif seasons every year with assistance of the DAE in Rangpur division in the last 12 years,” Rashid added. The average productivity of groundnut in Asia is 1739 kg/ha. ... 35,397 tons of groundnut production target for Rangpur division. Knoema is the most comprehensive source of global decision-making data in the world. P fertilizer cum rhizobium inoculant also had a great influence on the pod yield of groundnut. The uninoculated unfertilized (0 kg P ha−1) plots produced the lowest yield of 1074 kg ha−1 (Figure 3). depending on the seeding type, peanuts grow between 90 and 120 days. All the varieties were selected because of their high yielding potential, medium maturity and their availability in the region. The study was carried out at the experimental field of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (CSIR-SARI) in the Northern Region of Ghana. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana. All other parts of the plant are used as animal feed [1]. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. 70% of the nuts are produced in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and Henan. Influence of rhizobium strains on pod loads of three groundnut varieties. India, Nigeria, and the United States followed with about 6.8, 3, and 2.5 million metric tons each. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively compared to their uninoculated counterparts. The groundnut seeds were sown on 26th June, 2016 at a spacing of 50 × 20 cm under rain-fed conditions and one plant was maintained per hill. The seed weights of both Obolo and Oboshie were respectively approximately twice that of Samnut 22 (Figure 4). The most labor intensive operations in groundnut production – harvesting, stripping and shelling – have now been mechanized to ease the drudgery Read more... Archives December 2020 Going above 30 kg P ha−1 would probably not be economically viable for the groundnut farmers in the study area. Acting Additional Director of the DAE for Rangpur region Agriculturist Md. The country annually produces around 0.4 million metric tons of peanuts. Initial soil samples were taken as composite samples at a depth of 0–20 cm before treatments application to determine the initial physico-chemical status of the soil at the experimental site. The variety main effect was significant () in terms of seed weight. Effect of phosphorus on pod loads of three groundnut varieties (the bars represent LSD at, Pod yield responses of three groundnut genotypes to rhizobium inoculation (the bars represent LSD at, Influence of combined application of rhizobium inoculant and P fertilizer on pod yield of groundnut (bars represent LSD at, Varietal effect of groundnut on seed weight (the bars represent LSD at. There is therefore, the need to research into the appropriate niches and specific host that a particular rhizobium strain can nodulate and fix nitrogen as expected before making recommendations to farmers. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. Specifically, the study was to determine the appropriate rhizobium strain to enhance nodulation, growth and grain yield of groundnut, to determine whether the response of groundnut to the rhizobium strains is variety-dependent and also to investigate the interactive effects of inoculation and phosphorus application on the above responses of the groundnut varieties. The northern area of Ghana is seen to produce more peanuts than any other region of the country. The soil samples were analysed for the following parameters: pH (H2O/soil 2 : 1), organic carbon (Walkley–Black), total N (Kjeldahl distillation), CEC (NH4OAc), available phosphorus (Bray-I), exchangeable K (NH4OAc), bulk density (3 × 100 cm3 metal cans per profile depth and replication) and particle size distribution (hydrometric method) [10, 11] (Table 1). In 2018, about 60% of the peanuts grown were made into peanut butter. The interactive effects of variety and inoculant and that of P fertilizer and inoculant were significant () but the interaction of all the three factors was not significant (). Explore the archive of production & price information of Peanut, and identify your top Peanut supplier candidates. Peanut oil: global production volume 2012/13-2019/20 Published by M. Shahbandeh, May 19, 2020 This statistic shows the production volume of peanut oil worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20. Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, 3 percent over last year, and 18 percent above the 5-year average. The tender groundnut plants are growing fabulously currently both on the mainland and vast riverine char areas in all five districts of Rangpur agriculture region and three districts of Dinajpur agriculture region in the division. 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