The Bible makes numerous references to jewels and precious stones. Each of these gemstones was certainly accorded a great deal of meaning and significance by the Hebrews. The most tantalizing stone in countless colors, agate is mentioned five times in the bible. Though the word “garnet” is not found in any of the translations of the Bible, garnets were a common stone in Bible times. Download PDF. The best guess of scholars is that the first row contained red jasper, topaz, and emerald. Historians have likened it to “a thousand leagues of sunlit sea imprisoned in a cup.” It’s very name is descriptive of it’s color: aqua meaning water and marine meaning sea. As more information surfaces thanks to archaeological findings and the writings of ancient historians such as Theophrastus (372-287 BC), Elder Pliny (23-79 AD), and Josephus (37-100 AD), we are able to come a bit closer to making some identifications sure. See Lapis lazuli and Jacinth. Mount these stones in gold filigree settings. So the tablets on which the Ten Commandments were engraved were also presumably lapis lazuli. The Elder Pliny (23-79 AD) described amber's magnetic attraction, how that when rubbed it would become electrically charged and attract such things as straw, hair, dry leaves and feathers. Historically amethyst has been highly valued as a precious stone for the uniqueness of it's color, as there are few purple gemstones. And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head. Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) who was a historian at the time the Book of Revelation was written, describes the beryl (berullos) of that day, “The lapidaries cut all beryls of a hexagonal form because the color...is heightened by reflections resulting from the angles. The breastplate with twelve stones with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel signifying Christ as the sanctification, transformation, and glorification of God’s people, and they point to God’s building (Exo. The Hebrews obtained their precious stones from Arabia, India, and Egypt. Onyx has been very popular through the ages as the stone used for engraving cameos. For more information on the Biblical meanings of colors click here Stones and rocks are the skeleton of the solid part of the earth on which the flesh of earth is laid. Now, of course, the emerald is considered the most valued of the beryls. (2) Prefer wearing gemstones and jewelry that was designed to remind them of their lifetime journey with God. Of course, this description could also be based off of the writer’s own best guess as to the stones contained in the breastplate and may not lend additional veracity to the interpretation. Lapis was one of the most sought after and prized stones of ancient times. Since crystal stones store energy inside their molecules, some people use them as tools to better connect with spiritual energy (such as angels) while praying. There are two categories of modified gemstones and organic substances: Gemstones The exact original meaning of the word is uncertain. BASIC BIBLICAL SYMBOLISM AND NUMEROLOGY CHART. It clears self-doubt and inspires love of beauty. Rev 21:20, The topaz of today is a mineral that is composed of aluminum, silicon, oxygen, and fluorine. [1] In These mines produced a cornflower blue sapphire to which all other sapphires are compared. Ex 28:19, 39:12, Rev 21:20. TOPAZ This paper. The term sapphire appears many times in the Bible (see references above), however, the stone we associate with sapphire today was not known in Bible lands until the Roman Empire (300 BC). The first two instances are in Exodus 28:19 and 39:12 where the breastplate direction is given. Ex 24:10; 28:18; 39:11; Job 28:6,16; Song 5:14; Isa 54:11; Ezek 1:26; 10:1; 28:13, Rev 21:20. The twelve precious stones in the foundation of the New Jerusalem signify every aspect of the doctrines of the New Jerusalem, in their order, from the literal sense of the Word -- as understood by people who directly approach the Lord and live according to the commandments of the Ten Commandments by shunning evil as sins. hyacinth), and hence a precious stone of that colour ( Revelation 21:20). Turquoise specimens have been found in excavations of early civilizations such as Sumer (3500 BC). Onyx is first mentioned in the Book of Genesis: “ And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone” (2:12). In fact, many gemstones are thought to hold special powers and bring about certain fortune for those who wear them. The term aquamarine is not used by any of the Bible translators, but many scholars believe that the aquamarine was the type of beryl (Gr berullos) of the eighth stone of the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:20). Learn about healing gemstones with this chart of stone meanings. Most Greek versions translate bareqet as smaragdos. See Topaz, RUBY Gems which are mentioned in the Bible include agate, amethyst, carnelian, coral, pearl, sapphire, and dozens of others. Ezekeil 28:13 - Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. Proverbs 17:8 Context. The Revell Bible Dictionary says, "While the root meaning remains uncertain, all scholars agree that the image, used to describe the visible glory of God, conveys the sense of brilliance." [citation needed] or choshen. Pliny the Elder describes ‘sapir’ or ‘sapphires’ as an opaque, azure-colored stone with flecks of gold. In these cases it is most likely that some other red stone is the true identification (i.e. There are many differences among scholars as to the identification of many of the stones of the Old Testament, but due to the widespread use of turquoise in those times it is very likely that one of those obscure terms refers to this beautiful gemstone. They are the hardest of all gemstones. The foundations of the city walls of New Jerusalem are described in great detail, and contained twelve precious gemstones: jasper, sapphire, chalcedony, emerald, sardonyx, carnelian, chrysolite, beryl, topaz, chrysoprase, jacinth, and amethyst. Agate is named as the second stone in the third row of the High Priest’s breastplate. Bible verses related to Stones from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order Revelation 2:17 - He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it]. While sapphire, diamond and emerald gems weighing hundreds of carats exist, high quality rubies of even 20 carats are rare. Besides the ordinary uses to which stones were applied, we may mention that large stones were set up to commemorate any remarkable event. In this chapter God is speaking through the prophet to the wicked prince of Tyrus, but from verse 12 the King of Tyrus, another person, is addressed.Of this person it is said, "Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. The Hebrews obtained gemstones from the Middle East, India, and Egypt. Onyx is chalcedony that has even, banded layers of various color (most typically black and white). The second row contained garnet, malachite, or turquoise in the first slot, lapis lazuli in the second, and onyx in the third. KJV Dictionary Definition: stone stone. It is the most valuable variety of chalcedony. Most scholars agree that the emerald was the stone meant here. Zechariah 9:16 says that the Lord’s people will be like jewels in a crown. Bible Dictionary. Turquoise was one of the first gemstones to be mined and some of the oldest known mines come from this region, which is called "Country of Turquoise" by the native peoples. This word apparently referred to lapis lazuli, not to sapphire as many assume. There have been no rubies (or diamonds or sapphires) found in any excavations of early Egyptian civilization. It is one of the few stones in which experts agree as to the correctness of the name. Early Roman writers spoke of sardonyx as a “gem of great value.” Sardonyx made beautiful cameos, and was often extravagantly carved. With our guidance at Chrysoprase is a translucent, bright apple or grassy green variety of chalcedony. List of Precious and Semi-Precious Gemstones by Name (A-Z) Learn about stones — their color, price, and more. A list of Precious and Semi Precious Gemstones and their Treatments . Crystal Meanings Letting healing crystals into your life allows you to embrace ancient and mystical knowledge. The Romans developed this craft of engraving into a fine art. In Exodus 28:21 the Lord ordains precious stones to be used in the making of the breastpiece of the High Priests’ garments. Gem quality coral or precious coral is only found in a few places in the world, one being the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea which produces some of the very finest. Kashmir, India was one of the earliest sources of fine sapphires. to stones of varying sizes,3 stones being thrown 4 or moved,5 precious or semi-precious stones,6 and--by a figure of speech familiar to us as well as the ancient Hebrews--hail.7 The word sel⁄ a> , on the other hand, refers to attached rock such as a crag or cliff.8 The … This stone is said to amplify one’s ability to endure difficult conditions in life. Blue is considered a holy color in Israel, and this is likely the reason. Theophrastus (372-287 BC) appears to have been the first man to write about agates. Even Julius Caesar, the Roman general, became an avid collector of engraved sardonyx. Agates are a form of chalcedony (a fine-grained variety of quartz) that are banded or lined in a variety of patterns of colored layers. The stones listed for the foundation include diamond, lapis lazuli, turquoise, crystal, agate, ruby, gold quartz, malachite, topaz, emerald, sapphire, and amethyst. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as bright blue as the sky. Once again, the number 12 was important’the breastplate contained twelve jewels, and each was inscribed with the name of one of the Israelite tribes. His handsome features and classic profile became a favorite subject of engravers. The Brown-Driver-Briggs dictionary defines hashmal as "a shining substance, amber or electrum or bronze." Rock crystal is a colorless, transparent, coarse crystalline quartz. The following is a very basic chart of symbolic and number meaning found in the Bible. The created world has been secularized. OVERVIEW OF THE PRECIOUS STONES mentioned in the Bible Ez 28:13-15 # Cherub STONE Ex 28:17-21 Breastplate Son of Man Rev 4:2-6 New Jerusalem Rev 21:19-20 1 Sardius (Ruby) Sardius (Ruby) Jasper Jasper 2 Topaz Topaz Sardius (Ruby) Sapphire 3 Diamond Emerald Emerald Chalcedony 4 Chrysolite Carbuncle Emerald 5 Onyx Sapphire Onyx 6 Jasper Diamond Jasper Stone (chalcedony) represents true faith. AMETHYST The Bible makes numerous references to jewels and precious stones. Some gemstones were mined in Israel, but the Hebrew people also obtained gemstones from the Middle East and Asia. It is one… ... a sapphire in the Bible was probably what we know today as lapis. In fact, one of the characteristics of jasper is that it is able to take a high polish and was used in ancient times as mantles, pillars, vases, and other interior decorations. In Bible times stones were identified by color, such as the Hebrew term odem which simply means “red stone.” This could have been any number of red stones known at the time (i.e. Turquoise is hydrous compound of phosphorus, aluminum and copper. shop . Called “king of the gems” in some ancient cultures, rubies are considered the rarest and most precious gemstone in the world. Here they are, in alphabetical order, 40 magickal stones and their metaphysical uses: Amazonite. According to Postulate 2, they should be identical to the twelve breastplate stones, or at least be stones … Isaiah 39:2 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not. Jacinth is a derivation of the word “hyacinth” which comes from the Greek huakinthos. Topaz comes from the Greek word topazion, named for the island, Topazios, located in the Red Sea off the coast of Egypt. Gems and precious stones from the Bible to the Liber Pontificalis. color symbolism . Coral is mentioned several places in the Bible (scripture references vary according to version). Colors range from white to dull yellow, red, brown, orange, blue, black and gray. Stones. It may also be colorless. Emeralds are the valuable and highly prized grassy-green variety of beryl. The Greek word for onyx is onux literally “the nail of a finger” which implies the banding of color for which the stone is known. Gen 2:12, Ex 28:20, Job 28:16, Ezek 28:13. Regardless, all these precious and non-precious stones possess unique beauty and significant meaning. Beryl is the true name of several very important gemstones, yet a term not often used. In the seven colors, beginning with red and ending with purple, God was displaying a natural miracle … Bible verses about Stones. Pliny (AD 23-69) describes the hyacinthus as being very different from amethystus, "though partaking of a color that closely' borders upon it" and as being of a more diluted violet, It is held that the jacinth/hyacinth may actually be the sapphire of today. 6 Children's children are the crown of old men; and the glory of children are their fathers. It is also sometimes known as the breastplate of judgment. The walls are listed as diamond. Egyptians mined crystal as early as 3500 BC. Later these mines became known as Cleopatra’s Mines, who was quite fond of emeralds and was reported to wear them to enhance her beauty. Beryl is a silicate of beryllium and aluminum, occurs in hexagonal, prismatic crystals and is very hard as a mineral, measuring 8 (on a scale of 1-10). The gemstone, sapphire, that we know today is the blue, translucent variety of corundum. Lenses such as these may have been used for magnifying, burning or even cauterizing wounds. It has a waxy luster and can be semi-transparent to translucent. Nacre is the smooth lining material that these mollusks produce that covers the insides of their shells. Chalcedony is a cryptocrystalline (having crystals so small they cannot even be seen with a microscope) variety of quartz. At that time, emeralds, though also beryl, were called by another name, smaragdos (this being the fourth stone in the New Jerusalem). Amber is one of the oldest gemstones, having been found in archaeological digs of tombs dating to the Stone Age. On the outside of the breastplate and placed in gold settings were twelve precious stones in four rows of three stones each. This belief persisted until the nineteenth century! The Greeks used garnets as signet rings with found artifacts dating around 400 BC. There were distinguishing signs for each prince; each had a flag and a different color for every flag, corresponding to the precious stones on the breast of Aaron… Reuben’s stone was odem and the color of his flag was red; and embroidered thereon were mandrakes. Precious stones (5.41), gemstones (5.25), ornamental stones (5.39) and organic substances (5.38) are often modified (5.33) by various processes, before and/or after cutting, to improve their colour or clarity. The word emerald comes from the Greek word smaragdos by way of the French word for emerald esmeralde and simply means “green gemstone.” The emerald (Gr. Named for the peak of the Himalayas, K2 Stone is similarly keen to help you climb to new heights. One of the most prominent mentions of precious gemstones in the Bible is the foundation stones of New Jerusalem. 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