The bitter cassava produces attractive greenish-white flowers. They’re extra colorful in the warmer months. There are over 200,000 species of dicots so of course this article wont cover them all, but I’ll showcase some common ones and some not so common ones. Copyright © 2021 ActiveWild.com. They bear male and female cones that pollinate and spread. Aloe Vera is a tropical herbaceous perennial and has been nicknamed aloe or medicinal aloe. It is a vine plant that uses aerial roots to cling to and wrap trees with attractive foliage. Kapoks have buttress roots. The Ipomoea plant is a low maintenance plant that grows best in full sun. Dividing the plant clumps is recommended. The blooms are generally yellow, orange, or red, and they have banding at the base of the petals that is usually maroon to orange in color. Canna indica is a weed in some areas, so don’t plant it. Plants grow between 6 and 9 inches with the same spread. These vessels are opened and the latex which runs out is collected in buckets. They like warm conditions and are susceptible to cold. Foliage is appealing and comes in a variety of colors from green to reddish black or burgundy to purplish to variegated shades of yellowish green. Their fruit is famous for being very strong-smelling. Plants grow to heights of 1 to 2 feet and spread between 6 and 12 inches. The leaves are oblong ranging from 8 to 12 inches and colored green with striking veins. They are considered easy to grow. Leave emerge as tawny-pink and turn green with maturity. These vines live in the canopy layer. With optimal growing conditions, flowers appear all year. Originating in western Africa, it is an herbaceous perennial and member of the Asparagaceae family. Other orchids have roots that spread out over the branch of the host tree, capturing water without needing to bury into the ground. Following the flowers are bunches of red berries. These flowers are so fascinating, exotic and sometimes even weird to observe. They produce a smell like rotting flesh, which is how they got the name ‘Corpse Flower’. Redwoods 7. Examples of indoor palm plants are Areca Palm, Lady Palm (also known as Rhapis Excelsa), Kentia Palm and more. It is a member of the Dioscoreaceae or yam family and grows from rhizomes. The weeping fig requires full sun to part shade and requires low maintenance. Bougainvilleas are well-known for their beautiful flower-like leaves, which grow around the actual flower. Firs 5. Potted cultivators seldom bloom and grow 18 to 30 inches. The male bee is first attracted by the flower’s scent. The rubber tree, which was first found in the Amazon Rainforest, is now also grown in tropical areas in Asia and Africa. In this list of tropical rainforest plants, some of our chosen species are very big, some are very beautiful … and some are even dangerous (if you’re an insect)! They support other plants . Leaves are heart-shaped. Flowers bloom in the later days of summer and are white to creamy in color. These are easy to care for and tolerate winter temperatures. It is also used to make paper and musical instruments. It is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family and also known as smoketree spurge, tropical smoke brush or Caribbean copper plant. Plants that are rarely seen in the everyday garden have the strongest hold on the imagination. The plant attracts butterflies, birds and hummingbirds. The leaves are quite large, up to 6 feet, and come in different colors from green to variegated. Cultivators come in heights from 1 to 6 feet with spreads of 1 to 5 feet. This is known as ‘rubber tapping’. Such trees are found in rainforests with poor nutrient content in the soil. The plant likes low light. This isn’t the case with strangler figs, which kill the host plants. This red-brown wood is valued for its beauty and colour. Anthurium produces a sap that can cause skin irritations, and all parts of the plant are poisonous. TROPICAL PLANTS Here are some examples of topical plants that live in the Amazon Rainforest. Some species of bamboo can grow 90 cm (3 ft.) in one day! The flowers need full sun to grow well, and they prefer dry soil. On this page, you’ll find a tropical rainforest plants list, with pictures and information on individual plant species. The water is used not only by the plant, but also by many rainforest animals. Many of the plants in this tropical rainforest plants list are epiphytes. Shady Style: Patios with Pergolas In tropical areas, the aroid palm grows between 2 to 3 feet with a matching spread. These deter rainforest animals such as manatees from eating them. The Psychopsis papilio or butterfly orchid is a tropical beauty indigenous to areas in South America, including Trinidad. Other varieties are shrubs and climbers. The world’s tropical rainforests are home to an incredible number of plants. Plant adaptations in the desert, rainforest and tundra allow plants and trees to sustain life. They are also known as ‘lobster claws’ due to the shape of their flowers. These varieties do not blossom but do produce edible tubers, but the flavor is not as sweet as the food variety. Its fruit are eaten, and its wood used in building. The rattan plant (Berchemia scandens), which utilizes its spiky foliage to clutch trees; and the lianas, which have thick woody stems and grow up to 3,000 feet in length. Amaryllis plants are native to Central and South America. Peace Lilies or Spathiphyllum have become popular ornamental plants in public spaces due to the theory that they have the ability to clear the air by removing “vaporized solvents.” They are also valued for their beauty and ease of flowering in medium light. Also known as caladiums, heart of Jesus, elephant ear, and angel wings, they are indigenous to Northern South America and Central America. Ornamental varieties of the jade plant do well as indoor plants and need brightly lit surroundings. She is an avid gardener. In its native habitat, the Norfolk Island pine may grow to heights of 200 feet with spreads up to 25 feet. Scented flowers bloom in white to light lavender, with red berries following. Care requirements are high. Caladiums are grown for their bright, colorful leaves which often have colored veins. Ornamental cultivators grow best in containers and require moderate amounts of care. Bromeliads are flowering plants whose long leaves are arranged in a rosette. They can be used as house … Leaves Tropical Summer. When leaves first sprout, they are shades of pink turning to red but mature deep green. It is a member of the Moraceae family and native to Southeastern Asia. African Violets also need indirect light and dry air. Leaves are cordate in shape. Bougainvillea is a rainforest plant. This rare tropical plant only thrives in tropical rainforests with rich biodiversity. Cannas bloom during the months of July and September. Thank you for your support! With loud colors and large foliage, tropical plants are most commonly thought of as exotic plants. Growing to heights of over 80m (262 ft.), tualangs are among the tallest of all rainforest trees. Spider plants form plantlets that hang down and create an attractive display. It was once thought that these roots enabled the trees to ‘walk’ to a new position if it was knocked over by another tree. Begonias originated as evergreens in tropical and subtropical areas around the globe. Heliconias are popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world. The strangler fig is an extremely important plant in the rainforest ecosystem. The Brugmansia plant (also known as Angel’s trumpet) is a wide-leafed evergreen native to Ecuador. At maturity, plants produce scented greenish-white flowers in spring. Flowers come in shades of pink, gold, white or orange. Despite the fact that Devil’s ivy is so popular and can be grown everywhere, its flowers are rarely seen because of the shy-flowering nature due to gibberellin (GA) deficiency. How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow, Everything You Need To Know About Potato Flower, Everything You Need To Know about Pumpkin Flowers, Sea Grape Tree (Coccoloba uvifera): How To Grow and Care. Approximately, 6 to 8 flowers will bloom at the top of this leafless stem. The aroid palm grows well in shady locations and is an herbaceous evergreen perennial. It is an herbaceous evergreen perennial and a member of the Gesneriaceae family. These thorny plants grow as vines and shrubs. Some have specially adapted roots that enable them to capture water and nutrients from the air. Natural rubber has many uses, including car tyres, hoses, pulley belts and clothing. This article is part of our Rainforest Series. It does well in partial shady locations such as rainforests and has the ability to withstand strong winds. Amaryllis is known for flowers with some banding as well as spotting. They have stilt roots that project out of the trunk above the ground (see our Plants In The Tropical Rainforest article to find out more about stilt roots). Crane flowers are unusual in that banana-shaped leaves sprout from the soil without the need for a stem. Photo: Alvesgaspar (cropped / resized by ActiveWild) [CC BY-SA 3.0]The silky oak is a large tree that grows in Australian rainforests. Whether indoor or outdoor, palms add a strong tropical vibe in any space you place them. Pines 6. Lotus Plant Flower. The Ryukyu Islands’ variety is cold hardy, but other varieties are intolerant of frost. Also known as scarlet sage, it comes in variety of cultivators with average heights of 3 to 4 feet that spread forming clumps of similar dimensions. A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. Spineless yucca needs full sun but will tolerate some shade. Outdoors the umbrella plant develops tiny red flowers during the summer months. The vanilla orchid was first used as a flavouring by the Aztecs. Its ornamental appearance is largely due to the vividly colored foliage containing irregular splashes of green, pink, yellow, red, orange, purple and bronze. They grow in Central and South America. Also called the Ti Plant or cabbage tree, native varieties grow as shrubs or small trees ranging in heights from 9 to 15 feet with spreads of 3 to 8 feet. They tower over the other trees in the forest, forming the emergent layer – the top layer of the rainforest. Salvia splendens grows well in containers or gardens. Optimum growing conditions include increments of shade, enriched, acidic soil and medium watering. They are relatives of the banana plant and are intolerant of freezing temperatures. Plants may be planted by separating rhizomes or by seeds. Here’s a list of the best flowering tropical plants. Its fruit is edible, and an important food in the Amazon region. Vilevine has twining stems that will wrap and climb when given support. The insects eventually drown in a pool of liquid at the bottom of the tube. Ornamental varieties reach between 6 to 8 feet and have waxen leaves similar to the philodendron plant. 317 351 28. These are large, wide roots spreading out on all sides of the tree. Caladium bicolor plants are members of the Arum family and grow from bulbs. Related Images: tropical plant nature green exotic leaves jungle summer leaf flora. Philippine evergreen is intolerant of temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit, but it is an easy-to-care-for plant that has no serious disease issues. Epipremnum aureum (Devil’s ivy) is indigenous to the Solomon Islands and member of the Araceae family. Latex is used to make natural rubber. Plants found in grasslands have low growing points to accommodate for grazing herd animals. It is a broadleaf evergreen and member of the Fabaceae family. The tree is harvested for latex, a milky fluid found in vessels in the tree’s bark. Trees of the genus Swietenia are harvested for their wood, which is called mahogany. Rafflesia arnoldii flowers can reach 1 m (3 ft.) in diameter. Vanilla orchids grow like vines, climbing up other trees. Taro flowers are white with yellowish markings and bloom during July and August. For example, African Moon flowers are considered “tropical” because they natively grow in Namibia, a country in Africa. Labeled as a broadleaf evergreen, the Euphorbia plant grows best in full sun. The tarovine may reach heights up to 70 feet and does best in partial shade. Aglaonema commutatum is also known as Chinese evergreen or Philippine evergreen. They are grown as ornamental plants in other areas. Blooms are also used in arrangements. A few examples of tropical rainforest plants are Avocado Trees, Orchids, Ferns, Bromeliads, … It is mainly planted for its foliage and comes in a variety of cultivar types sporting colors in tones of black and yellow, purple hues, traditional green, and black to chocolate. Conifers include: 1. Flowering is prolific and eye-catching with dozens of reddish-orange inch long, yellow-tipped tubular blossoms. Despite this, the fruit is a popular food. The Taro plant is a member of the Hraceae family and is grown from bulbs called tubers. There are often splotches or even stripping in the color patterns. The flowers are attached to a single stem and spread in groups of about 30. It is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family and broadleaf evergreen. Monstera deliciosa is an evergreen vine plant and member of the Araceae family. In fact, these plants tend to be very hardy in extreme droughts once they have been established. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! The entire plant is poisonous to pets and humans. Perhaps, you might be interested to read more about other houseplants that are increasingly … Epiphytes even grow on other epiphytes! They don’t have roots in the ground, and have evolved various strategies for obtaining water and nutrients. Large flowers resemble a butterfly and come in colors of yellow, bronze, and brown. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). Leaves are large, about 5 inches wide and 12 inches long. Flowers are a greenish-white in color. Petite, graceful flowers dangle on 18 inch panicles and can be found in shades of coral red or pink. The flowers of the Brugmansia are attractive and have a pleasing fragrance. Countries in which they are found include Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia. Palm tree bark can be smooth to armored. Indigenous to Central America and Mexico, it is also called tarovine or split-leaf philodendron. In order to get the bees’ help, the plants offer the insects a reward: a specially scented substance that can be used by male bees to attract females. It is best known as the source of ‘carnauba wax’, which comes from the tree’s leaves. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. It is grown from bulbs which should be dug up for winter months and stored inside. She enjoys writing about plants that grow all over the world and tries her hand at growing several new-to-her flower species each year. In the tropical zones where winter frosts do not occur, a wealth of tree species exists. Ornamental tarovines reach about 6 to 8 feet in height. Sansevieria trifasciata is a common indoor plant that does well in outdoor shady locations during the summer months. adaptable to dry or wet climates. Despite this, it still makes up only 1% (5 billion) of the 390 billion trees in the region. Spider plants produce leaves of green and white or just green. Ficus is a tropical evergreen and member of the 850 species Moraceae family which includes shrubs, vines and woody trees. The stems of the plant contrast well with purple-tones. Spruce 9. Maintenance and care requirements are low with house plants preferring sunny locations. Tropical rainforest plants with a shallow rooted tree are often equipped with buttress roots. Ornamental varieties do well as potted or greenhouse plants. Caladiums grow to heights between 1 and 2 feet tall with the same spread. Philippine evergreen does best in shady locations. Immature plants have leaves of about 4 inches and grow to approximately 12 inches when mature. Terminalia Catappa Tree. Photo Tacarijus, resized by ActiveWild [CC BY-SA 3.0]This Brazilian palm tree is also known as the ‘tree of life’ because it has so many uses. Anthuriums are some of the most popular tropical flowers. They grow on the forest floor, and are pollinated by hummingbirds attracted by their brightly-colored flowers. Palms have numerous commercial and ornamental uses. They are herbaceous perennials and grow well in sunny locations with some shade. A strangler fig begins life in the branches of another tree. Aloe is a drought tolerant evergreen that enjoys full sun and requires little maintenance. Common colors include blue-violet, white, purple and pink. This greens industry owner supplies a … Leaves mature and toughen on sturdy leaf stalks. Foliage is straight, thickset and resembles rosettes or swords. With proper care, African Violets produce blooms throughout the year. Yucca elephantipes (also known as spineless yucca, yucca gigantea) is a broadleaf evergreen originating in Mexico. Although no list of this type can hope to include all of the plants in the rainforest, we hope that we’ve provided you with an idea of the lives and uses of many varied plants found in tropical regions. Pitcher plants have evolved to prey on insects, and are found in areas in which the soil is low in nutrients. Only a few birds can reach to the nectar in these flowers. Some of the best-known pitcher plants are those of genus Nepenthes. The leaves of the Aglaonema commutatum are spear-shaped and dark green with splashes of gray. Caladiums creative attractive borders and beds. In its natural habitat, it matures to heights of 30 feet. Tuberous roots grow similar to the sweet potato plant and are used as a food source. The Euphorbia plant originated in South American and Mexico. See more ideas about tropical plants, plants, tropical. There are many types of rainforest orchid, and we’ll look at some individual species below. Sansevieriatrifasciata is nicknamed viper’s bowstring hemp, snake plant, Saint George’s Sword and mother-in-laws’s tongue. Leaves are variegated with yellowish to white centers with bright green edgings. These plants are easy to grow and do well in gardens or containers. In the tropics and subtropics, these plants grow almost like weeds, although they may … Kapok trees are tall rainforest trees whose highest branches form part of the emergent layer. The tropical region of the world generally refers to places on or close to the equator. With proper research, scientists believe they are capable of finding cures for some of the world’s deadliest diseases among rainforest plants; some of these plants have not even been discovered yet. Blood flowers are perennials evergreens and grow approximately 2 to 3 feet in height. Orange flowers form on tall, straight stems that are surrounded with leaves. They grow in African, Asian and Australasian rainforests. The small trees grow in low light with minimal care and have become popular house plants. Container specimens grow slowly and typically reach between 3 to 6 feet. Flowering plants are split into two groups dicots and monocots, that means the seed can sprout would start with one leaf or two.Those that start with one leaf are dicots. The plant is vine-like, growing in heights of only 6 to 12 inches, with a spread from 8 to 10 feet. Instead, they wrap themselves around other trees. The Bird of Paradise. Wahiawa Botanical Garden: Great Examples of Tropical Plants - See 151 traveler reviews, 202 candid photos, and great deals for Wahiawa, HI, at Tripadvisor. Dicot is short for dicotyledon.